Waste disposal is the process of collecting and processing the wastes into recycling or disposal plants. Waste may occur in solid form or in liquid form. The matter is how efficiently you dispose of the wastes without affecting the environment’s health.
To dispose of heavy solid wastes and hazardous waste, hire a professional waste management team that offers the best disposal methods for all kinds of wastes.
Waste disposal is done differently in many places, some of the most commonly used methods are:
- Recovery and Recycle
- Plasma Gasification
- Special Waste Disposal
Types of waste disposal methods
Landfills are the most commonly used method in many countries. It is the process of dumping the waste in a large open area, which is away from the living environment. IT arises land and air pollution, there are many hazardous toxic gases like CO, CO2, and methane, etc., are produced, so this method is banned in many countries and lowering in usage.
The process of collecting and burning the wastes under high temperature is known as combustion and it is also called incineration. This method reduces the amount of solid waste up to 30 to 60 percent and also reduces the space and it’s the advantage compared to landfills. This is done in thermal treatment which requires a huge amount of smoke, ash, and steam. The incineration process is popular in the US and Japan.
Recover and Recycle
Resources are recovered from the waste and it is processed to explore the new materials and convert them into raw energy. Recycle is the process of generating a new product from the wastes in order to prevent fresh raw materials. This method is used instead of combustion and landfills to reduce land and air pollution. It eliminates the Green House Gas produced from wastages and prevents the land from wastages.
Plasma is a highly ionized gas and it produces lighting with a temperature of above 12,000℉. This process is done by collecting the wastes in a vessel where the plasma lights which generates heat above 10,000℉, which makes the gasification and this is done by reducing the temperature slowly up to 3000℉, that the solid and liquid wastes are disposed of. This is helpful in finding dangerous materials.
Special Waste Disposal
Special waste disposal is the process of disposal of hazardous wastes which can be destroyed by other methods. Medical wastes are an example of this method. The medical wastes cannot be destroyed easily that it generates a maximum number of toxic gases. So, it will be treated under the Special Waste Disposal method.
Thus waste management leads to a wonderful living environment by preventing us from the dangerous gas and surrounding. Waste generation is common for all living things, natural wastes can be disposed of themselves but the artificial waste which is made by human activities is the dangerous poison. So, be secure and keep your environment clean.