Many people speak about waste management and many conferences have held on to create an awareness of waste management. The aim of the waste management program is to make society free from the waste accumulation and let the people know what to do with the wastes they produce. Composting is the one of simple ways to reduce waste accumulation. Composting reduces the huge number of wastes sent to garbage places and to landfills. Instead of dumping the wastes, composting helps to decompose the waste material in an organic way and recycled it as a soil fertilizer. In a natural ecosystem, organic matter is converted into compost material with the process of proper decomposition.
What is Composting?
Composting is a process of decomposing organic waste into valuable fertilizer for the soil. Compost for added to the soil to boost the plant’s growth. The wastes like food scraps, leaves, fruits, vegetables, and all organic matters are sent into the composting process instead of throwing away. This helps to reduce the spreading of methane in the atmosphere and reduce the space dumped in landfills.
In our early history composting is one of the common tools for agriculture and our ancestors see composting as nature’s gift and as an art of science. In recent days, many small-scale, commercial places, and houses show interesting in the composting process and set the compost pile in their land itself.
Basic needs of Composting process
The composting process needs three basic things.
- The brown materials include dead leaves, cut branches, and wood wastes.
- The Green Materials include food wastes, fruits and vegetable scraps, and grass.
- The needed quantity of water to compost the brown and green materials.
The compost pile should be filled with an equal amount of green and brown materials and layer with the help of other organic materials. The brown materials emit carbon, and the green materials emit nitrogen for your compost pile. Adding water provides moisture that helps to break down the organic matter found in the waste materials.
What Things are to Be Composted?
Here we listed the things you can compose into organic fertilizers.
- Coffee grounds
- Paper wastes
- Fur items
- Wooden chips
- Paper straws and cups
- Cotton and woolen martial.
- Firewood ashes.
These are some of the common household and commercial wastes you can compost into valuable organic matters.
Benefits of composting Process
- Composting helps to enrich the soil by retaining its minerals and moisture that helps to decrease pests and other plant diseases.
- No need of adding any additional chemical fertilizers to your soil. The composting itself creates the organic fertilizers needed by the soil.
- Minimize the risk of soil erosion.
- Composting produces organic bacteria and fungi that help to break down the organic matter into nutrient materials.
- Compost helps to reduce the methane from landfills and also lowers the emission of carbons.