How to turn your Kitchen waste into Compost?

Composting household scraps is one of the great ways to make something beneficial for your garden plants by reducing the regular kitchen wastes. Composting is the process of converting the kitchen waste into useful fertilizer for the garden, and the land where the composting takes place is the best place and the soil will be very pure for the cultivation. The successful composting process not only requires kitchen waste but also the components which contain carbon content.

Organic household wastes are high in nitrogen, and it is known as green materials and the green materials should be mixed with the brown materials to get a successful composting result.

Turn kitchen wastes into compost

Process of Composting

Choose the type of composting bin

The kitchen wastes are converted into rich fertilizers by the process of composting. For the composting process, you need an empty land which is used for agricultural purposes later or you can buy a new bin which is capable of preventing the heat energy. Heat is an important factor in the process of composting.

Alternate Layers

The wastes should be segregated in a flat surface and the wastes should be placed as a layer with a combination of green and brown wastes. The green and brown materials should be placed as an alternative layer.

Add Kitchen and Yard Waste

It is important to collect kitchen and yard wastes, which are used to mix with the green and brown wastes. The kitchen and yard waste is applied as a layer that should be above the layer of green and brown wastes. Collect the dry leaves if possible and apply them across the whole layer. Repeat the process until the bin is filled.

kitchen waste compost

Maintain the Compost Bin

To complete the process of composting quickly, it is important to check your bin and make sure that, the material inside the bin is fresh, and mix the materials from upper to lower. Mixing the wastes will reduce the odor and make the process faster.

Harvest the compost

The composting process will take up to six months according to the amount of waste you segregated. The wastes will be converted into fertilizer at the end of the process, the product will look black in color, and it smells like the earth soil. The composted fertilizer can be directly involved in the process of cultivation. The soil or land where the composting takes place will be eligible for cultivation and it is very pure with high mineral content. The microbes will utilize the nitrogen in the land which is harmful to the growth of plants.


Composting is one of the best processes to recycle your household food and garden wastes. Instead of throwing off the waste you can make use of that and make your own fertilizer. The process of composting should be done in a separate place like the garden area. It should be away from the living area because it produces a heavy smell that cannot be handled by humans.

Composting Process in Waste Management

Many people speak about waste management and many conferences have held on to create an awareness of waste management. The aim of the waste management program is to make society free from the waste accumulation and let the people know what to do with the wastes they produce. Composting is the one of simple ways to reduce waste accumulation. Composting reduces the huge number of wastes sent to garbage places and to landfills. Instead of dumping the wastes, composting helps to decompose the waste material in an organic way and recycled it as a soil fertilizer. In a natural ecosystem, organic matter is converted into compost material with the process of proper decomposition.

decomposing pile

What is Composting?

Composting is a process of decomposing organic waste into valuable fertilizer for the soil. Compost for added to the soil to boost the plant’s growth. The wastes like food scraps, leaves, fruits, vegetables, and all organic matters are sent into the composting process instead of throwing away. This helps to reduce the spreading of methane in the atmosphere and reduce the space dumped in landfills.

In our early history composting is one of the common tools for agriculture and our ancestors see composting as nature’s gift and as an art of science. In recent days, many small-scale, commercial places, and houses show interesting in the composting process and set the compost pile in their land itself.

Basic needs of Composting process

The composting process needs three basic things.

  • The brown materials include dead leaves, cut branches, and wood wastes.
  • The Green Materials include food wastes, fruits and vegetable scraps, and grass.
  • The needed quantity of water to compost the brown and green materials.

composting wastes

The compost pile should be filled with an equal amount of green and brown materials and layer with the help of other organic materials. The brown materials emit carbon, and the green materials emit nitrogen for your compost pile. Adding water provides moisture that helps to break down the organic matter found in the waste materials.

What Things are to Be Composted?

Here we listed the things you can compose into organic fertilizers.

  • Fruits
  • Vegetables
  • Eggshells
  • Nutshells
  • Coffee grounds
  • Paper wastes
  • Fur items
  • Grass
  • Leaves
  • Cardboard
  • Wooden chips
  • Sawdust
  • Plants
  • Paper straws and cups
  • Cotton and woolen martial.
  • Firewood ashes.

Decomposing food scraps

These are some of the common household and commercial wastes you can compost into valuable organic matters.

 Benefits of composting Process 

  • Composting helps to enrich the soil by retaining its minerals and moisture that helps to decrease pests and other plant diseases.
  • No need of adding any additional chemical fertilizers to your soil. The composting itself creates the organic fertilizers needed by the soil.
  • Minimize the risk of soil erosion.
  • Composting produces organic bacteria and fungi that help to break down the organic matter into nutrient materials.
  • Compost helps to reduce the methane from landfills and also lowers the emission of carbons.