In today’s world organizations and private businesses, companies are growing faster. All the leading organizations are advising about the process of recycling to prevent the environment from pollution and to maintain the economy. Papers are the major wastes which are generated in every place like home, school, office, and other factories and industries. According to the government statistics, 12.5 million tonnes of paper is used by the UK people each year and 67% of the papers are recycled every year. Let us discuss paper recycling and its uses.
Paper recycling is the process of converting paper wastes into new and fresh paper for use. The recycling of paper has many benefits in that it can prevent the environment from the emission of methane gas. Recycling covers up the carbon content in the paper and eliminates it. The process of recycling is classified into three major processes, they are Mill Broke, Pre-Consumer Waste, and Post-Consumer Waste.
Mill Broke is the paper waste which is the leftovers from the paper manufacturers. These paper scraps are recycled in paper mills.
The pre-consumer wastes are the paper wastes that are left from the paper mills, and they will be discarded before getting into consumer use.
The paper wastes which are used by the common people and the industries are known as post-consumer wastes. These wastes contain books, newspapers, magazines, etc.,
Paper wastes which are suitable for recycling are called scrap paper and it is used to make molding pulp. The process of removing the ink from the paper is known as Deinking and it is useful to make fresh paper.
Process of Recycling
The process of recycling the paper includes mixing old or used paper into the water and chemicals. The mixture is chopped and heated which breaks down the paper material into strands of cellulose. The mixture is then cleaned, bleached, and deinked – the process of removing the ink from the old papers. Now the mixture is ready to make a new paper and it is known as pulp or slurry. This process is for all the types of papers that are suitable for recycling.
Advantages of Paper Recycling
- It reduces the emission of GHG which can cause climatic change.
- Recycling takes less energy compared to the production of new papers from the trees. Recycling uses 70% less energy and water.
- According to the Environment Protection Agency, it is proved that recycling one ton of paper saves 17 trees and 3 cubic meters of landfills.
- The cost of recycled paper is less compared to fresh paper that saves money.
All the organizations should raise awareness about the wastes that are generated in their own company. They should initiate the employees to make use of the recycled paper and make them avoid using papers for unwanted works like printing the wrong manual and documents. Encourage the employees to bring their own mug instead of using paper cups for coffee or tea.